# The Basics of Blackjack

Blackjack is a game of strategy and chance. The aim is to beat the dealer and get as close to 21 as possible without going over. The game is played with one to eight 52 card decks. Cards 2 through 10 are worth their face value, while aces count as either 1 or 11 at the player’s choice. The game is usually played by two players against the dealer. There are however some casinos that offer a blackjack table with more than two players.

#### Blackjack Basics

Before playing blackjack it is important to understand the basics of the game. Having this knowledge will help you make better decisions while playing and increase your chances of winning. There are several different rules that can be used in a blackjack game and the rules will vary between each casino. Some of these variations include doubling down and splitting hands. Some games also allow players to place an insurance bet. While this bet does not increase a player’s probability of beating the dealer it can help reduce the house edge of the game.

The rules of the game are based on dependent events and have their foundation in probability mathematics. This is because the odds of picking a certain card will depend on the other cards that have been picked before. This is why it is essential to keep track of the previous cards that have been picked, and understand what their probabilities are.

A blackjack hand is made up of two cards that the player has been dealt and a face up card from the dealer. If the first two cards total 21 (an ace and a 10 or a Jack, Queen, or King) this is known as a Blackjack and the player wins 1.5 times their bet.

After the initial two cards are dealt, a player can decide to “Split” pairs of matching cards (except for a pair of aces). This will result in each of the split hands receiving an additional card. A player may also choose to “Double Down” after he or she receives their initial two cards. This will allow the player to double his or her original bet amount, but only receive one additional card.

There are also a number of other actions a player can take during the course of a blackjack hand. These include “Hit” and “Stand”. Hit means the player wants an additional card, while Stand indicates that a player would like to remain with their current hand.

Another option is to place a side bet called “Insurance”. This bet covers the player’s original wager if the dealer has a blackjack. This is a popular bet and many people will make it. However, this bet can be risky and should only be placed if a player feels confident they have an advantage over the dealer. Players should never split 10’s, 5’s, or 8’s, and should always split against a dealer’s up card of 2 to 7. In some casinos the dealer will ask players to place a bet of up to half their original bet as “insurance” before dealing any cards.

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